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1998 Integrated household Survey (IHS)

The Integrated Household Survey was conducted from October 1997 to November 1998. The survey covered a total of 12,960 Households. The main objective of the survey was to provide a better understanding of the Household socio-economic status. Hence the survey was designed to focus on the following Modules at Household level:

  • Demographic Characteristics
  • Nutrition
  • Education
  • Health
  • Crop production
  • Livestock & Poultry
  • Non-farm Income
  • Current Expenditure
  • Employment and Migration
  • Assets
  • Access to Social facilities

In this issue

  • Objectives:
  • Summary of Results:
  • Core Indicators:
  • Poverty Measures:

The National Statistical Office is pleases to announce that it has finally completed the processing and analysis of the long awaited Integrated Household Survey 1997-98. The summary of findings from the survey data will be published in the Statistical Abstract, which is currently in the press for publication. This publication will be available for sale from the NSO Headquarters and its regional offices.

However users who may require further analysis of the survey data, may enquire directly from the IHS Unit in the Economics Division of the National Statistics Office at the address below.

Survey Coverage

The country was divided into 29 survey districts, and 12,960 households were sampled following a multi-stage clustered random sampling. Separate procedures were followed in the urban and rural areas.

Summary of Results

Summary core socio-economic indicators have already been derived from the survey data; viz Dependency Ratio, Net Primary Enrolment, Distance and Time taken to the nearest school, access to social facilities, Anthropometrical Indicators, Household food security and calorie consumption, Employment and labour profiles, Mean household income and expenditure patterns.

Poverty Measures

The survey data will be used to develop a poverty reduction strategy for Malawi. It will come up with the measures of poverty i.e. The Poverty head-count index, which will indicate, the proportion of population, below poverty line, by geographic location and socio-economic class. The Poverty Gap, which will show how much resources are required to improve those below the poverty line. The poverty severity, that shows the depth and distribution of poverty. These indicators super cede the measurements in the past, which were based on non- welfaristic approaches but rather economistic approaches.

First created August 2000

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